Information technology is a new field combining information science, computing, telecommunications and electronics. These century has been defined by application of and advancement in information technology. Information technology has play an integral part in our day today life. Information technology is also defined as the study, design, development, application, implementation, support or management of computer-based information systems.
Today Information technology has served as a big change agent in different aspect of business and society. One of the best concept in information technology is the cloud computing. Clouding computing is defined as utilization of computing services such as software as well as hardware as a service over a network. Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS), Platform as a Service (PaaS) and Software as a Service (SaaS) are the three main services offered by clod computing.
Faster communication, electronic storage and the protection of records are advantages that IT can have on our enterprise. IT is driven by the demands of the new, competitive business environment on the one hand and profound changes in the nature of computers in the other. Information Technology systems come in the shape of many technologically advanced devices which help deliver important information to managers and thus they use this information to make crucial decision regarding the operations of their organization. IT has to do with computer applications, on which nearly every work environment is dependent.
Cloud computing reduces IT infrastructure cost of the company and promotes the concept of virtualization, which enables server and storage device to be utilized across organization. Cloud computing have the capacity to makes maintenance of software and hardware easier as installation is not required on each end user’s computer. These are the advantages of cloud computing and there include certain issues such as privacy, compliance, security, legal, abuse, IT governance, etc. Another emerging trend within information technology is mobile applications including software application on Smart phone, tablet, etc.
Touch screen capability is utilized in smart phones, tablet, information kiosks, information appliances etc. The field of analytics also has grown many folds in recent years. Data analytics is tool used to support decision-making process. It converts raw data into meaningful information. Analytics is a process which helps in discovering the informational patterns along with data. The field of analytics include statistics, computer programming and operations research. The field of analytics has shown growth in the field of data analytics, predictive analytics and social analytics and also in other fields.